Percentage Increases: How to Calculate Percentage Increase and Decrease?

Percentage increase, a seemingly intimidating concept, can be your gateway to understanding growth, progress, and change across diverse scenarios. Whether it’s analyzing financial trends, gauging scientific advancements, or simply comprehending the world around you, mastering percentage increase calculations unlocks a wealth of valuable information.

This guide delves beyond the basic formula, breaks down the process step by step, and provides practical examples to ensure you can confidently handle percentage increase calculations.

What is a Percentage Increase?

Percentage increase is calculated by dividing the increase in value by the original value and multiplying by 100. Percentage increase is a measure that expresses the relative growth or change in a quantity over time. It is often used to analyze the extent of change in various scenarios, such as salary increases, stock prices, or academic grades.

The formula for Percentage Increase:
The formula of how to calculate the percentage increase is:

formula for Percentage Increase:

Example 1: Calculating Percentage Increase

Let’s view an example: If the price of a product increased from $50 to $70, what is the percentage increase?

Calculating Percentage Increase

Therefore, the percentage increase in the price of the product is 40%.

Example 2: Another Calculation of Percentage Increase

Let’s suppose an investment grew from $5,000 to $6,500, then what is the percentage increase?

Original Value = $5,000
New Value = $6,500

what is the percentage increase

Therefore, the percentage increase in the investment is 30%.

Step-by-Step Guide to Calculating Percentage Increase:

A. Identify the Original and New Values:
1. **Original Value (OV):** This is the initial quantity or value before any change occurs.
2. **New Value (NV):** This is the updated or final quantity or value after the change.

B. Apply the Percentage Increase Formula:
\[ \text{Percentage Increase} = \left( \frac{\text{New Value} – \text{Original Value}}{\text{Original Value}} \right) \times 100 \]

Examples of how to calculate percentage increase:

A. Salary Increase:
Suppose you receive an annual salary increase from $50,000 to $55,000. To calculate the percentage increase: \[ \text{Percentage Increase} = \left( \frac{\$55,000 – \$50,000}{\$50,000} \right) \times 100 = 10\% \]
Therefore, your salary increased by 10%.
B. Stock Price Change:
If a stock’s value rises from $80 to $95, the percentage increase is: \[ \text{Percentage Increase} = \left( \frac{\$95 – \$80}{\$80} \right) \times 100 = 18.75\% \]
The stock price increased by 18.75%.
C. Exam Score Improvement:
Imagine your exam score goes from 75 to 90. Calculate the percentage increase: \[ \text{Percentage Increase} = \left( \frac{90 – 75}{75} \right) \times 100 = 20\% \]
Your exam score improved by 20%.

Emptying the Concept of Percentage Increases:

Think of percentage increase as a magnifying glass, highlighting how much a value has “climbed” relative to its starting point. It expresses this climb as a percentage, providing a standardized metric for comparing changes across diverse contexts, be it the price of a cup of coffee or the growth of a company’s revenue.

Formula: Your Climbing Companion:

The key to unlocking any percentage increase lies in a simple yet powerful formula:

Percentage Increase = ((Final Value – Initial Value) / Initial Value) x 100

How to Calculate Percentage Increase Step-by-Step

  • Identify the Initial and Final Values: Determine the starting value (original) and the ending value (new or final).
  • Subtract the Initial Value from the Final Value: Find the difference between the final value and the initial value.
  • Divide the Difference by the Initial Value: Divide the difference obtained in step 2 by the initial value.
  • Multiply by 100: Multiply the result obtained in step 3 by 100 to get the percentage increase.

Examples: Scaling Real-World Peaks:

  • Salary Surge: Your salary jumped from $40,000 to $48,000. What’s the percentage increase?
  • Applying the formula: ((48,000 – 40,000) / 40,000) x 100 = 20%
  • Investment Growth: Your investment of $1,000 has blossomed to $1,250. How much has it increased?
  • Applying the formula: ((1,250 – 1,000) / 1,000) x 100 = 25%

Beyond the Formula: Expanding Your Horizons:

Remember, this formula isn’t confined to financial scenarios. It can be your compass for navigating diverse landscapes of change:

  • Population Growth: Track the percentage increase in a city’s population over a decade.
  • Scientific Progress: Measure the percentage increase in a plant’s growth after receiving a new fertilizer.
  • Academic Achievements: Calculate the percentage increase in a student’s test scores after dedicated studying.

What is Percentage Change?

Percentage change, on the other hand, is a broader term that encompasses both increases and decreases. It provides a general measure of the relative difference between two values, whether positive or negative. The formula for percentage change is:

Percentage Change

This formula provides a percentage representation of the relative difference between the old and new values, indicating whether there was an increase or decrease and the magnitude of that change.

Interpretation of Percentage Change:

  1. Positive Percentage Change: If the result is positive, it signifies an increase from the old value to the new value.
  2. Negative Percentage Change: If the result is negative, it indicates a decrease from the old value to the new value.
  3. Zero Percentage Change: A result of zero indicates that there is no change between the old and new values.


Let’s consider an example to illustrate the calculation of percentage change. If the population of a city increased from 500,000 to 600,000, the percentage change would be:

example of Percentage Change

In this example, the positive result (20%) indicates a 20% increase in the city’s population.

Use Cases of Percentage Change:

  1. Finance: Investors use percentage change to analyze the performance of stocks, bonds, or other financial instruments.
  2. Economics: Economists use percentage change to study changes in economic indicators such as GDP, inflation rates, and employment figures.
  3. Statistics: Percentage change is employed in statistical analysis to measure shifts in data sets over time.
  4. Business: Businesses use percentage change to assess changes in sales, revenue, or expenses.


Calculating percentage increases is a fundamental skill that empowers individuals to analyze changes in various contexts. By following the simple steps outlined in this article and practicing with real-world examples, you can confidently navigate and interpret percentage increases in your personal and professional life. Whether you’re managing finances, tracking stock performance, or evaluating academic progress, mastering the art of calculating percentage increases enhances your analytical capabilities.

Hope you will get your answers to the below queries related to Percentage Increase:

What Is the Percentage Increase Formula?
What are the ways to Calculate Percentage Increase?
how to calculate percentage increase or decrease
What is the formula for percentage increase?
What is the percentage increase between two percentages?
How do I calculate the cost increase percentage?
How to calculate percentage increase?
How do you calculate the percentage gain?
What is percentage increase is equal to?
How do I calculate the cost increase percentage?
how to find percentage increase​
Percentage increase when adding a specific amount
How was this percentage increase applied?
How do you calculate the percentage change of percentage change?
What is the percent of change from 8 to 2?
What is the percent change from 0?
What is the percent change from 36 to 99?
How to Calculate Percent of Change?
How To Calculate Percentage Difference

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *