Education is the foremost requirement. It is the basis for acquiring the capacity to utilize the best of human potential. National Education policy plays an important role in creating a society where people enjoy equity and justice. It also helps in enhancing the rate of National Development. Only Universal high-quality education can take us forward to discover the brewing talent in the country. Quality education can maximize the resources for the betterment of the society, the country, and the world.
There is a rapid development of various Technologies and Scientific studies in the era of Education and Knowledge. Also, with broad environmental and social changes occurring around the world, the need for multidisciplinary learning has heightened.
In the near future, the growing demand for multifaceted education will increase, as India is one of the fastest-growing economies and developing countries in the world.
The void between the current scenario of behavioral outcomes of education and the required outcomes needs to be filled through huge reforms.
The National Education Policy 2020 is recently been introduced by the government. It has the great potential to modify and improve the education system in present India. NEP 2020 focuses on various features of education that we require for the growth and progress of the individuals and the country. It impacts upon the reshaping of the future generation through application-based experiential learning as well as on the overall personality development of the students. This will prepare them to face the challenges coming to them in this fast pace developing world and meanwhile conserving the Historic Indian Culture of huge Educational background.
NEP 2020 replaces the old National Education Policy on Education (NPE), 1986.
The policy aims to recreate India into a vibrant knowledge setup. It will result in making both school and college education more holistic, flexible, multidisciplinary. This policy will create a scenario suited to the needs of the present century, and conduct out the unique skills of every student.
Daily Tactics Guru here explains Some of the Most Significant Features of NEP2020:
Expansion of mutual relationships between Government and Private Educational Programs
Synchronized development will take place when Humanitarian and progressive private institutions will put their best of efforts into government initiated educational programs.
Such kind of upsurge is only possible through the intermingling of creativity and advanced technology in the educational field.
Self Directing Educational Institutions
The institutions that aspire towards more progressive visions and put extra effort towards excellence will get more freedom to work on their plans to provide quality education.
Covering All Four Stages of Education
Foundational Stage (3 years of pre-school + 2 years in a primary school in Classes 1-2; both together covering ages 3-8)
- Primary Stage (Classes 3-5, covering ages 8-11)
- Middle Stage (Classes 6-8, covering ages 11-14),
- Secondary Stage (Classes 9-12, covering ages 14-18).
No Rigid Stream-based National Education Education System i.e. More Flexibility
NEP 2020 aims to be more flexible in allowing students to follow their own career paths without entangling in the network of fixed streams and subjects. Instead, they may allow students to select the subjects of their forte together from different fields at the same time.
Although, This can create an obstacle for the existing education system in creating a student-friendly and student-centric environment. Creating opportunities may also come out as an obstacle. But we can implement this in new ways. The methods which are which the organisations use for the selection of the best bunch for admissions in various vocational and professional colleges.
It also requires a well-planned integration between schools and Higher education systems. So, that the students do not face any problems while shifting from the Schools to Higher education.
Universal Access to School Education
NEP 2020 aims to provide universal access to school education at all levels.
Some of the features like infrastructure support and innovative educational institutions will result in a better system. Better evaluation techniques, and well-equipped classrooms and faculty will result in transformation at the root level of the system.
It also provides for open learning through NIOS to bring back the school dropouts.
Education and Care during the crucial age of Development
This targets the proper development and growth of the uncovered age group of 3-6 years under the school curriculum. The age is the most crucial stage for cognitive and conative development.
Power of Multilingual System
NEP 2020 advocates for vernacular language as the medium for education in primary classes. The three-language formula will also result in better communication skills as well. Other Indian as well Foreign languages will also be offered as options at the secondary level.
Reformation of Assessment Techniques
With the introduction of NEP 2020, The government hopes to change from summative assessment to a method that can test competencies like analytical skills, critical thinking, and conceptual clarity. Board exams will continue but with a more holistic approach.
Along with the setup of Gender and Special education zones, students with disabilities will also be able to be the part of regular classrooms. Their condition will improve with the support of faculty well equipped for the inclusive education set up. Along with the technology-based tools, the faculty will also be well trained with support mechanism to suit the needs of the children.
Higher Education Commission of India
HECI will establish a single entity for the entire Higher Education excluding medical and legal education. The function of HECI will be to intervene in the proper working of both government and privately operated educational institutions. Same set of regulations and academic standards are to be maintained by all the institutions which will be checked by HECI from time to time.
Wide Spectrum of Institutions
The universities will allow a wide range of educational institutions from research-oriented institutions to teaching-intensive institutions to function.
Multiple Entry and Exit Options
The Students who for some reason may have to opt-out of the degree courses. They will be accredited points according to their performance during the years they attended college. The students will be get certificates depending on that. Students opting out after one year of degree course will get a certificate for the course. For two years, A diploma in the subject will be granted. Students who will complete their courses will get the degree and go for further research.
Recruitment of the Faculty
A robust and transparent process will take place for the recruitment of the teachers. Promotions and appraisals will be on merit bases.
National Research Foundation
A new research-oriented Entity will be established to catalyze and expand research and innovation in every discipline. NRF will fund the institution and other bodies for this.
All education Institutions, from now, will be as ‘Nonprofit entity’. The Union and State governments will work together to increase public investment in the education sector by up to 6% of the GDP as soon as possible.
Conclusion of NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY
This National Education Policy envisions an education system that is rooted in Indian ethos and directly contributes to the transformation of our country into an equitable and dynamic knowledge society. Thereby, making India a global Super Power. The policy also aims to develop a deeper sense of dignity towards our Constitutional values and Fundamental duties. It also impacts in making the future generation of this country, feel proud for our country in thoughts as well as spirit, intellect, and deeds. It stresses upon the making next generation in further utilizing their best of potential to enhance the image of the country globally.
This National Education Policy also emphasizes developing such Human Resources in the country which has knowledge, skills, values, and dispositions that support responsible commitment towards global well-being. Thereby, reflecting a truly global citizen.
I hope we all will work together to fulfill this vision……
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